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Frequently Asked Questions for Pharmacists on Emergency Contraception

Q: Is Emergency Contraception/"Plan B®" available over-the-counter, and are there any restrictions as to what patients may obtain Emergency Contraception/"Plan B®" over-the-counter?

A: Single-dose levonorgestrel emergency contraception (also known as Plan B One-Step) is available over-the-counter without restriction. 


Q: Does North Carolina have a “Conscience Clause” for dispensing emergency contraceptives?

A: The Board has adopted a policy on pharmacists' refusal to dispense prescriptions in certain circumstances:

A pharmacist should function by serving the individual, community and societal needs while respecting the autonomy and dignity of each patient. The best practice by a pharmacist is to promote the good for every patient in a caring, compassionate and confidential manner. Pharmacists should discuss and resolve any questions about emergency contraception prior to employment. Compassionate care and conscientious objection are not mutually exclusive.

A pharmacist has the right to avoid being complicit in behavior that is inconsistent with his or her morals or ethics. It is unacceptable, however, for pharmacists to impose their moral or ethical beliefs on the patients they serve. Pharmacists who object to providing a medication for a patient on this basis alone, therefore, should take proactive measures so as not to obstruct a patient’s right to obtain such medication.

The Board notes that although pharmacists have a right to avoid moral or ethical conflict, they do not have a right to obstruct otherwise legitimate prescription dispensing or delivery solely on the basis of conscientious objection.

Phrases and Concepts From:

American Pharmacist Association Code of Ethics

May Pharmacists Refuse to Fill Prescriptions for Emergency Contraception?, Cantor & Baum

New England Journal of Medicine, November 4, 2004, @ Pge. 200812/06/04


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